Look at the calfskin. The pores in the leather should be very fine, and you’ll need to look closely to be able to recognize them, if you can do so at all.
Feel the calfskin. Calfskin is very soft, supple and pliant, and it will be smooth under your touch. There will be a give when you press into it, and it will have a slight elasticity.
In fashion, soft finished calfskin is sometimes described as veau velours (French for “velvet calf”).Most commonly patent leather shoes and leather gloves are made from calfskin because it takes a very high polish and it’s very flexible. Items like vests, jackets and pants aren’t as often made from calfskin because of the cost.
If calfskin is used then these items they will be much more expensive and the price should reflect this. If the item is very reasonably priced, it probably is not calfskin.
Calf leather can also be burnished. Burnished leather is given an antique dressing or stain with a rag. Burnishing and polishing then gives a warm patina to the leather, making it look nicely aged without being actually worn out.
The surface of calf leather is also largely untreated by sanding, buffing, or snuffing (turned it into suede). During the tanning process, the animal’s hair, its insides and the skin’s epidermis have been removed – that’s all.